Guide to Index Funds for Beginners and Pros

Guide to Index Funds for Beginners and Pros

These low-cost funds are simple for investing and do well in performance.

Warren Buffett is one of the most prolific investors ever, having a fortune of over 82 billion dollars. His work, investment method, and hard practice brought him profits for years and years in the market place. Sure, we don’t have money like Warren here does, but we can stick to his advice – low-costing index funds are great investments for most of us.

He said in 2016 that when trillions of dollars are handled by Wall Street and their imposed high costs, then managers are those who fare better result-wise, rather than the consumers. So, big and small investors should utilize investing in lower costing index funds.


  • Index funds are mutual funds or ETFs that have portfolios that reflect the performance of their designated index.
  • They are better performance-wise than other forms of mutual funds.
  • Other advantages are lower charges, taxation benefits (they lead to less taxable profits), and lower risks (seeing that their diversification is high).

Definition of Index Funds

These ETFs and mutual funds hold securities in a particular index and match the benchmark index’s performance as closely as possible. S&P 500 is the most popular example of this, yet there are such funds and indexes for almost every marketplace and strategy one can think of. Buying an index trust via a broker account or from these funds’ providers is possible – think of Vanguard and BlackRock, for example.

This gets you a variety of securities in a simple low-costing investment. These give exposure to various securities in one fund and lower the whole risk percentage via vast diversification. If you invest in a number of these funds tracking various indexes, you get a portfolio matching the asset distribution you wanted. You can put sixty percent of the money in stock index funds and 40 percent in bond index funds.

Index Fund Advantages

One big benefit of these funds is their performance in terms of overall profits – they keep getting better results here than other forms of funds.

They have lower management charges since they are passively handled. So in place of getting a manager actively trading and a team that analyzes the whole situation along with advice and security researching, the fund’s portfolio copies the designated index.

These funds hold investments ’til the index changes (this seldom occurs), and they have lower transfer fees. These lesser costs render a significant difference in profits over a long time.

Buffett said in 2014 that big investors, as a whole, have underperformed for a long time the index-fund investors who sit idle for years. This is, according to him, in large part due to the charges. Many institutions give big money to consultants who point them to managers that ask for lots of money. Buffett rendered this a fool’s game.

Moreover, index funds incur less taxable money that has to go to shareholders due to trading rarely in and out of securities, especially when compared to actively-overseen funds.

There are still other pluses to these index funds. Since they are buying loads of securities in the index every time investors fund their money, they can have loads of lots to pick when they sell specific securities. This can lead to selling lots with the smallest capital gains and thus the smallest tax amount.

When checking out index funds, always compare expense ratios because index funds are often less costly than actively managed ones, but some cost less than others.

Disadvantages of These Funds

There is no perfect investment, and this goes for index funds, too. A disadvantage is their nature itself: If a portfolio grows with an index, it will fall with it. So if a fund follows the S&P 500, you will follow it to its peak when the marketplace is performing well, but you will be vulnerable if the marketplace falls. On the other side, an actively managed fund has a manager that can see a marketplace shift coming, and he can accommodate himself to it.

We can whine about managers and their fees for handling funds as much as you want. Yet, there are times that an experienced manager really helps secure a portfolio and outperforms the marketplace. But not everyone can do such a good job all of the time, for years even.

Diversification has its pros and cons. It works out the risks and instability, but it is limiting for upsides, too. The broad-based pile of stocks in an index fund can go down due to underperformers, especially when pitted against a curated portfolio in another fund.


Index funds have some enticing advantages, and some drawbacks one must bear in mind. Learn what are index funds before risking your hard-earned cash.


  • Charges are low
  • Taxation risk decreased
  • Passive management pays off over time
  • Wide and varied portfolio


  • No security on marketplace downfalls
  • Can’t utilize chances
  • No trimming of under-performers
  • No pro portfolio management