Guide to Common Stocks

Guide to Common Stocks

Common stocks are securities that are actually the ownership of a corporation. Those who hold such stocks pick the board of directors and decide on corporate directions. This equity ownership brings bigger return rates in the long run. But if liquidations occur, you hold the right to the corporation’s instruments just when those who hold bonds and those who are preferred shareholders are paid out totally. The common stocks are mentioned in the equity part of a firm’s equity sheet.

Comprehending Common Stocks

If a corporation defaults, those who hold such stocks won’t get their funds until those who are creditors hold bonds, and those who are preferred shareholders get their part. This renders such stock with more uncertainty than debt and other shares. The good thing is that common stock will do better than bonds and preferred shares in the long term. A lot of firms will issue 3 kinds of securities. Like Wells Fargo & Company has some bonds presented on the secondary marketplace. It also has preferred stocks and common ones.

The Dutch East India Company founded the initial common stock in 1602, placed on the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. Bigger stocks stemming from the states, such as the NY Stock Exchange or NASDAQ, are traded on a public exchange. The first one has 2,8k stocks as of 2019, while the second has 3,3k listed stocks. In June 2018, NYSE had a $28.5 trillion marketplace capitalization, rendering it the globe’s largest stock exchange seen by marketplace cap.

You can find global exchanges for foreign stocks, like the ones in London and Tokyo. Smaller firms that can’t fulfill the demands of exchange remain off the list. They trade via the Over-The-Counter Bulletin Board and pink sheets.

A firm must have an IPO before it issues stocks. This will help them grow and get more capital. They first must cooperate with an underwriting investment banking company – this assists in deciding the kind of stock in question and the price. Following this, the public at large can buy the novel stocks on secondary marketplaces.


  • These stocks are securities showing how much one owns in a corporation,
  • Following creditors, bondholders, and others being paid out, common shareholders get the rest of the assets in liquidations.
  • You have various stocks on the marketplaces – value ones are less costly when compared to fundamentals. Growth ones are firms that are valued more as they grow profit-wise.
  • As an investor, you should be diversifying your portfolio by putting cash into various securities – it all depends on your risk level.

Special Considerations

Stocks are a significant part of your portfolio. They carry more uncertainty than certificates of deposits, preferred stocks, and bonds. But, more uncertainty will bring you more chances for rewards. Over time, stocks will do better than other investments yet carry more risk in shorter time frames.

You also have different stock forms – growth ones are connected to companies that become more valuable over time since they grow in profit. Value stocks are firms that are priced lower when looked at fundamental-wise, and they provide a dividend, which growth ones do not. We can divide stocks by marketplace capitalization – big, small, or middle-range. Large-cap ones are traded more and point us to a healthier firm, while small-cap ones tell a younger company seeking growth – they, naturally, carry more risk.